Fishing for Yourself
The ancient adage of the Karaite sages declares: "Search well in the Scriptures and do not rely on anyone's opinion". In this regard the Karaite sages taught: "He who relies upon any of the teachers of the Exile without personal investigation, it is as if he has engaged in idolatry."
Step 1 – Find all occurances of the English word burn in the Tanakh.
Step 2 – Using an Interlinear or Hebrew Tanakh to Find the strong’s number for the word translated as Burn.
Step 3 - Using an Interlinear or Hebrew Tanakh to Find the Hebrew letters for the word translated as Burn.
Here is a list from what I did in the first three steps:
8313 SARAPH (Sin-resh-Fey sofit) Verb
1197 BA’AR (Bet-Ayin-Resh) Verb
398 ‘AKAL (Aleph-Kaf-Lamed) Verb
3555 K’VIYAH (Kaf-Vav-Yod-Hey) F.N. from verb KAVAH 3554 (Kaf-Vav-Hey)
4348 MIK’VAH (Mem-Kaf-Vav-Hey) F.N. from verb KAVAH 3554 (Kaf-Vav-Hey)
6999 QATAR (Qof-Tet-Resh) Verb
2734 CHARAH (Chet-Resh-Hey) Verb
3314 YIF’AH (Yod-Fey-Ayin-Hey) N,F. from the verb YAFA 3313 (Yod-Fey-Ayin)
3350 Y’QOD (Yod-Qof-Dalet) Verb equal to the verb YAQAD 3344 (Yod-Qof –Dalet)
Now we need to find all the nouns that are associated with these Hebrew words.
Step 4 – Use a Concordance or Lexicon to find related words to the verbs listed here.
Step 5 – Organize them together and look at the different groupings.
Lets take Ba’ar (1197)
Ba’erah NF 1200
Tavaerah N Pro. Loc. 8407
We take these groupings and work on all the scriptures that are associated with them.
Active: Subject is the “agent” or “actor”
The dog ate the homework
“The dog” = subject/actor; “ate” = active verb; “the homework” = direct object
Passive: Subject is what is acted upon
The homework was eaten
“The homework” = subject/acted upon; “was eaten” = passive verb
Passive with agent
The homework was eaten by the dog.
Reflexive: Action directed back onto the grammatical subject
The homework ate itself.
Transitive: Verbal action takes a direct object (action is transferred from subject to object)
(See active example above.)
Intransitive: Verbal idea is complete without taking a direct object
The homework disappeared.
Verbs are broken into Classifications and Names
Names and Classification of the Patterns
Type of action
You can learn more about Binyanim (“building, structure”) in plural form by getting the book 501verbs.
At this point you have gathered the information about the words and the related words as shown below:
Kal – Past Tense (Preterite)
2 Sam 22:9, 13
Isa. 1:31, 9:18(17), 10:17
Jer. 4:4, 7:21, 21:12
Kal – Future Tense
Ps. 2:12, 39:3(4), 79:5, 89:46(47),106:18
Isa. 42:25, 43:2, 62:1
Jer. 10:8, 44:6
Kal – Participle (adjective)
Deu. 4:11, 5:23(20), 9:15
Isa. 30:27, 33, 34:39
Eze 1:13, 21:31(36)
Mal 4:1 (3:19)
Niphil – Preterite (past tense)
Jer.10:14, 21, 51:17
Niphil – Participle (adjective)
Piel - Preterite (Past tense)
Deu 13:5(6), 17:7,12, 19:13,19, 21:21, 22:21-22, 24, 24:7, 26:13-14
2 sam 4:11
I kings 14:10, 21:21, 22:46(47),
2 Chron 19:3
Isa. 3:14, 50:11
Eze. 20:48 (21:4), 39:9
Piel – Infinative
2Chron 4:20, 13:11
Isa. 4:4, 5:5, 6:13, 40:16, 44:15
Piel – future
I king 14:10
Piel – participle (adjective)
Pual – Participle (adjective)
Hiphil – Preterite (past tense)
Hiphil – Future
2 Chron 28:3
Hiphil – Participle
I Kings 16:3
Step 6 – Read each reference and look to verify where the word is consistently translated as Burn. This requires reading the verses to see what the main usage of the word is. This is the most time consuming part of doing a study. You are looking for common everyday usage of the word. This is the simple meaning. Most times the Kal or Piel forms of the verb give the basic meaning of the Hebrew word. Here you may also find other words, which are related to the term(s) you are studying that you may want to study also. Read for context, Think about what would an Israelite think from hearing this word. The key here is context.
Step 7 – Elimination – here you start dropping the parts, which are translated as burn but don’t really mean burn in the sense we are looking for with the other words. You will notice that we have not used a dictionary, or looked up a meaning so far.
Step 8 – unclear meanings – Some words may have a meaning that is unclear. This is where the BDB comes in handy. In the beginning of the meaning for each word it relates the Semitic words related to Hebrew word and give their meaning. This can sometimes help in gaining the knowledge for the word meaning.
Step 9 – Document all the words studied so far to see if they link together or if there is a link.
Step 10 – Organize them into a logical grouping of usage.
Step 12 – Write up the paper
Step 13 – incorporate the Hebrew words in the English Verses.
You have a completed study